Probing the Heart of Matter

Student Book

Activity 24 Funding physics

Physics and Ethics Education Project website
http://www.peep.ac.uk/content/index.php

Activity 29 The ISIS accelerator

ISIS website:
http://www.isis.rl.ac.uk/accelerator/index.htm

About ISIS:
http://www.isis.rl.ac.uk/aboutIsis/index.htm

Activity 31 Particle tracks

Manchester University Particle Physics Group's website:
http://www.hep.manchester.ac.uk/pus/

Lancaster Particle Physics Package:
http://lppp.lancs.ac.uk

Activity 33: Accelerator energy

CERN's website:
http://public.web.cern.ch/public/

The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC):
www.stfc.ac.uk

Particle physics department at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory:
www.particlephysics.ac.uk/explore/experiments.html
http://hepwww.rl.ac.uk/public/

German national particle physics laboratory:
http://www.desy.de/html/home/index_eng.html

Stanford Linear Accelerator Centre (SLAC) (USA):
http://www.slac.stanford.edu

Fermilab (USA):
http://www.fnal.gov

Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL), France ' neutron science and technology
www.ill.eu

The International Linear Collider (ILC):
http://www.linearcollider.org/cms/

Resource Pack

Activity and additional sheets

Activity 25: Particle physics today

CERN's website:
http://public.web.cern.ch/public/

The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC):
www.stfc.ac.uk

Particle physics department at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory:
www.particlephysics.ac.uk/explore/experiments.html
http://hepwww.rl.ac.uk/public/

German national particle physics laboratory:
http://www.desy.de/html/home/index_eng.html

Stanford Linear Accelerator Centre (SLAC) (USA):
http://www.slac.stanford.edu

Fermilab (USA):
http://www.fnal.gov

Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL), France ' neutron science and technology
www.ill.eu

The International Linear Collider (ILC):
http://www.linearcollider.org/cms/

Teacher Notes

1 In the beginning

Science & Technology Facilities Council website:
http://www.stfc.ac.uk/PandS/SchEdu/Rsrc/Resource_Guides.aspx

Particle Physics UK brings together paper resources, simulations, master classes, visits etc:
http://www.particlephysics.ac.uk/teach.html

Teachers' TV has a series of three 15 minute films, called In Search of Giants, about particle physics, including the research taking place at the LHC. Presented by Dr Brian Cox, these are a great way to introduce and get an overview of the subject:
http://www.teachers.tv/video

Six short films about particle physics and the LHC:
http://www.labreporter.com/

Activity 4: Top quark

Account by two of those involved in the first experimental detection of the top quark:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/pubs/beamline/25/3/25-3-carithers.pdf

3 Towards the standard model

Video clip of the experiment from Microcosm at CERN (the CERN visitor centre) on YouTube:
http://www.youtube.com/watch'v=Zvsuj73hQCY

Momentum and energy in collisions

There are some good applets available that could be used with Activities 17 and 18. Try the Explore Learning site (go to Physics Grade 9-12):
http://www.explorelearning.com/

or the NTNUJAVA virtual physics laboratory:
http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/index.php'topic=4

Activity 18: Accounting for momentum and energy

As an optional extension, you might like to use the 'Billiards' activity from the Lancaster Particle Physics software:
http://lppp.lancs.ac.uk

4.1: Big experiments

To help set the scene, you might like to show students a short (5 min) video of a rap produced by some young CERN scientists in 2008:
http://www.vimeo.com/1431471'pg=embed&sec=1431471

Activity 24: Funding physics

The Physics and Ethics Education Project website contains information and some questions that are relevant to this discussion:
www.peep.ac.uk

Technician Notes

Software

Lancaster Particle Physics software is suggested for Activities 18 and 32. It is available to use or download from:
http://lppp.lancs.ac.uk

The site requires a browser that is capable of running Java Run Time environment J2SE JRE version at least 5.0. However, it is recommended that the latest version of JRE is installed along with the most up to date iteration of your internet browser. This plug-in is available from:
http://java.sun.com/javase/downloads/index.jsp

Resources

There are a lot of excellent free resources for particle physics.

Many are available via the Science & Technology Facilities Council website:
http://www.stfc.ac.uk/PandS/SchEdu/Rsrc/Resource_Guides.aspx

Particle Physics UK brings together paper resources, simulations, master classes, visits etc.:
http://www.particlephysics.ac.uk/teach.html

Videos on the LHC 'In search of Giants' may be downloaded from Teachers' TV:
http://www.teachers.tv/video

There are six short films about particle physics and the LHC at:
http://www.labreporter.com/

The Royal Holloway summary sheets for particle physics are available from:
http://www.pp.rhul.ac.uk/hep/hep_handouts.html

Some young scientists at CERN have produced a light-hearted rap about the LHC. It is available at:
http://www.vimeo.com/1431471'pg=embed&sec=1431471

Activity 12: Model atoms

See the Hands-on Science Chemical Safety Database for safety data on the use of lycopodium:
http://ptcl.chem.ox.ac.uk/~hmc/hsci/chemicals/lycopodium.html

Activity 19: Diffraction of light

See the Hands-on Science Chemical Safety Database for safety data on the use of lycopodium:
http://ptcl.chem.ox.ac.uk/~hmc/hsci/chemicals/lycopodium.html